Knowledge CentreTechnical Resources SearchConference PapersCalibrage des modèles du Highway Safety Manual pour le Québec

Calibrage des modèles du Highway Safety Manual pour le Québec


Subsequent to publication of the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) in 2010, the Ministère des transports du Québec (MTQ) launched a process to calibrate the accident prediction models proposed in the manual. The objective of this process is to enhance the accuracy of the models to better reflect the context in other jurisdictions. The initial focus of the process, undertaken by the Direction de la sécurité en transport in conjunction with the MTQ’s territorial branches, was rural two-lane two-way roads (HSM Chapter 10). For this type of road, the HSM supplies prediction models for three types of intersections – unsignalized three-leg with stop control on minor-road approaches, unsignalized four-leg with stop control on minor-road approaches and signalized four-leg – as well as roadway segments.
A sample of approximately 50 sites was established randomly for each type of site. The models were designed to take into account information on local conditions (e.g. geometry, traffic) as well as crash data compiled over a three-year period for the selected sites. During compilation, it was observed that the proportion of crashes involving animals was highly variable from one territorial branch to the next and even between sites within a single region. Following consultation with road safety experts at a number of territorial branches, it was agreed that the calibration factor should, for a variety of reasons, preferably be calculated excluding crashes involving animals. It was also interesting to note that in general, the calibration factors obtained did not vary sharply from
the unit, indicating that accidents occur in relatively similar proportions to what is observed in the United States.
Next, the proportions of various types of accidents and severities were calculated using data from the sampling of sites selected for the calibration process. These proportions are applied to the total number of accidents calculated using the prediction model to arrive at the number of accidents of each type or severity. Calibrating the accident prediction method from the HSM in this manner for the Québec context will assist road safety experts in conducting safety analyses more comprehensively and accurately.

Conference Paper Details

Session title:
Road Safety Policy Development – Past, Present & Future
Barber, P.
Road safety