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Measuring Transportation and Land Use Integration

Project Summary

Status

In development

Last Updated

October, 2019

Responsible Council / Committee

Mobility Council / Transportation Planning Committee

Expected Duration

12 months

Total Funding Estimate

$125,000

Staff Contact

Abstract

Land use and transportation changes influence each other – for example, suburban growth can lead to public pressure for more road capacity, while freeway extensions can encourage low-density urban expansion. More effective, integrated growth management requires a better understanding of the interactions between land use and transportation investments. While there exists a vast academic literature on the theoretical linkage between transportation and land use in urban areas, and while many urban regions have adopted land use plans in coordination with transportation plans, there is relatively little documentation on how to effectively manage urban growth and transportation interactions in practice. In this context, the study would focus on the following questions: 

  • What does good transportation-land use integration look like? 
  • Is it possible to develop a toolbox of common indicators derived from primary data sources available in Canada? 
  • Which quantitative tools (data, analysis methods) are necessary for monitoring transportation and land use interactions? 

OBJECTIVES

The major objective of this project is to provide municipal transportation and land use planning authorities with standard indicators for evaluating the integration of transportation and land use in an urban environment.

Key tasks would include:

  • A brief review of literature on transportation-land use interactions and a definition of successful integrated planning.
  • Consultation with practitioners and academics across Canada to identify current and potential metrics, alternative data sources, and locations exemplifying positive or negative examples of good transportation and land use integration.
  • A webinar or in-person workshop to review the draft guide for comments and improvements.
  • A webinar after completion of the guide to introduce Canadian practitioners to the resource.

The final deliverable may be either a printed or online resource that offers: 

  • A synthesis of best practices for quantifying transportation-land use interactions. 
  • A collection of up to 20 standardized metrics for evaluating transportation and land use, the requisite sources of data, details on how to derive the metrics, and a discussion of their general applicability, advantages and disadvantages.
  • Examples of metrics calculated using Canadian data for different cities and metropolitan areas across the country.