This paper discusses the factors influencing the provision and improvement of transportation in Canada s newest and largest territory. It details specific modal and unique Nunavut factors that will affect how and when the transportation system evolves. Many of these factors were documented as part of the Nunavut Transportation Strategy, which was completed in 2001. Improvements to the Nunavut transportation system will allow Nunavummiut (residents of Nunavut)) to build a healthy and prosperous society and play their part in the day-today social and economic life of Canada. The proposed improvements to the Nunavut transportation system will also enable many more Canadians to see and realize the potential of this vast land and its people. These improvements will also bring some demonstrable proof of Canada s sovereignty and interest in Canada s north.