Understanding and Improving Heterogeneous, Modern Recycled Asphalt Mixes

Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 20:00

A comprehensive research investigation was carried out to investigate the use of recycled materials in Superpave asphalt mixtures in Missouri. The investigation involved sampling of aggregates, binders, plant-produced mixtures, and field cores followed by a rigorous lab testing program. Lab testing included an extensive binder extraction and recovery (E & R) experiments, followed by a comprehensive suite of advanced binder tests. An attempt was made to shed light on effective strategies to iterate existing mix designs into more ‘balanced mix designs’ for modern, heterogeneous recycled mixtures in the Midwest.  Different strategies were employed, such as the use of a softer virgin binder, the addition of a rejuvenator, and the employment of 5% to 20% of dry- process, engineered crumb rubber by weight of total binder. These mixes were subjected to a suite of cracking and rutting mixture performance tests to establish baseline performance, followed by four additional mix design iterations per mix (for a total of 10 investigated mixtures). The DC(T), I-FIT, IDEAL-CT, and Hamburg wheel tracking tests were used in the performance testing suite.  Based on the results of the study, it was found that RAP, and particularly RAS, drive the need for the use of softer virgin binders to be used in modern, recycled asphalt mixtures in Missouri. Recommendations are provided with respect to the selection of softer virgin binder grades based on recycled material type and amount. Recommendations for balancing mixes with the use of rejuvenators and ground tire rubber are also provided. The full text of this report is available from the Missouri Department of Transportation at https://spexternal.modot.mo.gov/sites/cm/CORDT/cmr21-007.pdf


Thank you to our Premier Sponsors